Personality Disorders and the DSM5

Introduction to Personality Disorders

            Personality disorders are considered one of the most difficult to treat mental health illnesses that an individual can have. They are often coupled with other mental health disorders and can lead to other devastating problems within the individual’s life, such as, substance abuse and eating disorders.  Personality disorders are often associated with complications on how the individual views life and the world around them.  According the American Psychiatric Association (2013), “Personality disorders are associated with ways of thinking and feeling about oneself and others that significantly and adversely affect how an individual functions in many aspects of life.”

There are 10 types of personality disorders that the current DSM V recognizes.  It’s also important to note that, in the DSM V, they are combined from Axis 2 into a single Axis with Axis 1 and Axis 3.  The DSM V also changes the codes in advancing from ICD-9 to ICD-10.  Interestingly, Schizotypal Personality Disorder is the only personality disorder not listed under F60.*, which is Disorders of Adult Personality and Behavior, due to it being placed under Schizophrenia, Schizotypal, and Delusional Disorders.

Cluster A Personality Disorders

Disorder ICD-9 ICD-10
Paranoid Personality Disorder 301.0 F60.0
Schizoid Personality Disorder 301.20 F60.1
Schizotypal Personality Disorder 301.22 F21

 

Cluster B Personality Disorders

Disorder ICD-9 ICD-10
Antisocial Personality Disorder 301.7 F60.2
Borderline Personality Disorder 301.83 F60.3
Histrionic Personality Disorder 301.50 F60.4
Narissistic Personality Disorder 301.81 F60.81

 

 

 

Cluster C Personality Disorders

 

Disorder ICD-9 ICD-10
Avoidant Personality Disorder 301.82 F60.6
Dependent Personality Disorder 301.6 F60.7
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder 301.4 F60.5

Amanda Hamilton, LMSW

 

 

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